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|Mountain Gorilla conservation
The mountain gorillas (gorilla gorilla beringei), the world's most endangered ape, is found only in small portions of protected afro montane forests in southwest Uganda, northwest Rwanda, and eastern DRC.
The mountain gorilla is one of many species unique to these forests. The forests are also home to many wonderful birds, primates, large mammals, reptiles, insects and plants and also ensure continued water and medical plant resources for the local communities.
The mountain gorillas are divided into two populations. Latest census figures estimate the total population to be about 800 individuals. One population of about 340 is found in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, in South West Uganda, covering about 330 sq. km, and the other 460 in the Virunga Volcano Range. The Virunga Volcano Range ecologically homogenous (same flora and fauna), covering three contiguous National Parks in three countries: Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda, Volcano National Park in Rwanda and Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo, covering a total area of 450 sq. km.
The threats to mountain gorillas population and its habitat are many. One of these threats is the possibility of disease transmission from humans to gorillas. To address the issue of potential disease transmission to the gorillas and to reduce behavioural disturbances to this fragile population, the gorilla rules have been developed.
By following these rules and through the purchase of the permit, you are contributing to the conservation of the mountain gorilla. The protected area authorities use the founds generated from the sale of the permits for the management of the National Parks and wildlife reserves. A percentage of the funds raised from Park entrance fees and community levy on permits is shared to local communities living adjacent to the parks to contribute to their development projects and to improve natural resource management in the region.
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